In this essay will present the activity of the community culture in the National Archives of Hungary Bekes County Archive. The new strategy of the opening has started in the middle of the 2000’s. During the review of the results I am focusing on our programs, cultural activities, our educational works with regards to the essencial base from the history. At first since 2006 our annual conferences, our gallery in the head building in Gyula and our temporary exhibitions has been providing insight into our daily works in the archive, our scientific works and it makes visible our collections, the actual documents of our history. We’ve had the opportunities to join to some widespread program both in Bekes County and in the country. In these events we have introduced ourselves to new audiences. Meantime we have built a fruitful relationship with the local and county press, hence besides the coverages from our events we have found a new platforms (newspapers, online media, television) for our cultural activities. Our education activities has formed in line with our other programs. If so our prime purpose is the familiarizaton of our institution to younger ranges but we also have created lessons about specific historical topics based on our documents. Often the groups are spread good reputation on our works, or – like the librarians from the city library – returned. After a visit they ofter asked a lesson on the subject of the actual summer camp for elementary school pupils. Essencally the Bekes County Archive have had a successful past decade. We are looking forward the next period, and trying to stand our’s ground in the fields of the comunity culture which is more and more come to the front in the National Archives of Hungary.
The mission of the Folk Art Association of Hajdú-Bihar County (the Association) is to represent the profession and the interest of contemporary folk art artists, investigate, present and develop the values of folk art crafts. Among the systematic programmes of the Association, there are research programmes, collecting materials in museums and on site, creative camps, professional further training programmes, exhibitions, organisation of regional and national conferences. Among the priority programmes of the Association, the International Pottery Festival and the Handicraft Festival of Debrecen are representative. Regarding creative houses and folk art craft workshops, artists of the Association work in the “Tímárház” studio in Debrecen and maintain workshop galleries (in the towns of Nádudvar, Hajdúszoboszló, Hajdúnánás and Balmazújváros). Of the main research projects of the Association, the following are particular focal points:
- The Association began to revive the traditions of the almost extinct “Debrecen style” pottery nearly two decades ago. As a result, nowadays eight potters are engaged in the modern interpretation of the pottery traditions of Debrecen in the town and county.
- Renewing and reviving the “cifraszűr” (embroidered felt-cloak) and clothes made by felt application technique.
- Exploring and re-teaching the traditions of “Debrecen style” wood goldsmith craft.
Our present study focuses on our ongoing research projects, results achieved so far and further plans, ways of further investigation of the above mentioned three areas.
Hubert Erzsébet_Csapóné Riskó Tünde
The Hungarian National Archives Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County Archives, like other archives, has progressively opened up to society in the past three decades. The study seeks answers to the questions of how and why this opening has happened in Szolnok. This public collection – which operates in the poorest of the counties with small worker number – did not dismantle its activities in the years of the economic crisis, but gained professional and social recognition with new public education projects. The institution has built a wide range of social relations in addition to the collection of documents and the scientific research work and it was the first archives that applied successfully for a TÁMOP project aiming for the education of schoolchildren outside of schools. With many years of work the archives has also established a nationwide unique relationship with the county’s family researchers, resulting in the second national conference on family history in 2017 with great success. Its periodical exhibitions reveal not only the research results of archivists but for now it has also boosted the document giftings of private individuals. Increasing the visibility and recognition of the archives was also greatly enhanced by the close relationship with the local media. Although county archives have been subject to ministry reservation, archivists continue to look to meet the needs of the local population and preserve the established relationships as their primary task.
The study is show the way how the pálinka became a national treasure. Going out to the traditions of distillation, showing the over-centuries-old, not always glorious past of the drink. As a result after the regime change the culture of pálinka consumption is changed as well. While previously only regarded as peasants’ morning drink, today’s premium product has been upgraded thanks to the Pálinka Act and many other factors. From 2014 onwards, every year, under the Excellence Program, the most excellent spirits are valued as “Country Tasting”. Regarding the beginning of distillation, the opinions differ significantly, however, regarding the preparation of concentrated beverages, we can speak about a thousand years of tradition. It is interesting to follow that – while the alcoholists were condemned in the 19th century, and the pálinka was called “just for the naked public good” drink – how it gained recognition and increased to “Hungaricum” rank.
The aim of the study is to present the infromation content of the notes to the financial statement using different types of companies. Companies must provide a realistic picture of their assets, financials and profitability position. It is necessary an integrated information system to evaluate the businesses. The data of the financial statement prepared by accounting act are historic, and they are about the past. These data are explained in notes to financial statement. This study investigates 15 notes to the financial statement considering the obligations declared in accounting act in case of different types of company. The companies are selected by expert sampling. The main activity of enterprises are food-retail, services and processing. Both of three scope of activities companies ‘s notes specific, that mostly the simplified financial statements include several deficiencies. The notes of the financial statements are fully compliance to the rules of the statutue. The reason of the differencies are the different market participants make a different expectation of the notes’s importance and preparation.
The documents in our collection are indispensable sources for local history research. Our goal is to meet the demands of research. We strive to inform our users as versatile as possible about the past and present of Hajdú-Bihar County, the historical Bihar, Hajdú County and Debrecen. We collect and process documents related to the historical Bihar County, Hajdú County, Hajdú-Bihar County, Debrecen and the settlements of the county. We strive for completeness. We pay close attention to the local content produced by the local press and the publications of local people. Since 1968 we have been conducting media monitoring service from national and local newspapers, since 1990 this work has been computerized. From 2013 onwards, our “JADOX Hajdú-Bihar County Local History Collection” database is available on our website. Local book presentations, film shows, exhibitions, presentations are organized by our department. We provide local history researchers with the opportunity to present their research results.
Nagyné Márton Andrea